10 Sep

The elaboration of master plans of Ferreira Gomes and Porto Grande: a process of urban planning in the cities of Amapá.

Currently, according to the UN, over 50% of the world population lives in the cities. In Brazil this number is even higher, according to the IBGE 2010, about 84% of the population is urban. Thus, cities have experienced moments of great growth, oftentimes unaccompanied by adequate infrastructure and public policies. For that, was created in 2001 the City Statute, which establishes the parameters and guidelines of the policy and urban management in Brazil.

Contrast between the formal and informal city. Source: Livro 1, Plano Diretor Participativo, Ministério das Cidades (2005).

Thus, the City Statute defined the Master Plan as an instrument to guide the policy development and planning of the urban sprawl of the city. In other words, the Master Plan is a municipal law elaborated by the participation of city hall, city council and civil society, aiming to establish and organize the growth, operation, territorial planning of the city and guide investment priorities.

The elaboration of Master Plan is required in some situations such as: municipalities with over 20.000 inhabitants; parts of the metropolitan areas; areas of tourist interest; and in areas of influence of projects or activities with significant environmental impact.

Photo 01: Excerpt from Guidelines Roads Map – Master Plan of São Carlos (SP). Photo 02: Port of Santana (AP). Photo 03: São Mateus (ES). Photo 04: II Conferences of Cities, 2005. Source: Livro 1, Plano Diretor Participativo, Ministério das Cidades (2005).

Thus, the implementation of the Hydroelectric Plant of Ferreira Gomes, with the works started in June 2011, and the responsibility of the company Ferreira Gomes Energia, has the cities of Porto Grande and Ferreira Gomes suitable for elaboration of the Master Plan, as it is an enterprise of great environmental impact for the region.

Construction of Hydroelectric Plant of Ferreira Gomes. Source: http://www.correaneto.com.br/site/noticias/10212

Ferreira Gomes is located 137 km from the state capital, Macapá, has according to IBGE (2010) a population of 5.772 inhabitants. Furthermore, Porto Grande is located 100 km from Macapá, and has a population of 16.825 inhabitants. In Ferreira Gomes, the economy is sustained by farming and traditional fisheries and, recently, has invested in tourism with the organization of events, among them has stands out the off-season carnival “carnaguari”. Porto Grande is rich in natural resources, has a large timber area and sand extraction, besides agricultural activities, as Ferreira Gomes, has invested in the tourism sector through its resorts and performing an annual Pineapple Festival, attracting visitors from throughout the state.

Highlighted in green has the municipality of Porto Grande and in purple the town of Ferreira Gomes. Source: M. Allegretti Consultoria (2011).

The Master Plan of the two municipalities is being developed by a consortium formed by the firm M. Allegretti Consultoria (M. Allegretti Consulting), of the renowned anthropologist Mary Allegretti, and the office Amapaz Projetos Sustentáveis (Amapaz Sustainable Projects), of the architect and urban planner Liliane Robacher. Both companies have extensive experience in studies performed in Brazil and worldwide.

The first image shows the work space in the urban areas and the second image shows the rural areas. Source: M. Allegretti Consultoria & Amapaz Projetos Sustentáveis.

The elaboration of Master Plan follows a series of steps, some of them have already been completed, and currently the works consist in the spatial characterization of the two municipalities, including the rural areas, for making a diagnosis and, subsequently, the proposals that will be contained in the Master Plan. The finalization of this phase is programmed with realization of public hearings in Ferreira Gomes and Porto Grande in the beginning of November 2012, which will be the presentation of the diagnosis elaborated as the phase preceding the approval of the Master Plan, with the participation of managers of the two municipalities and councilors, as well as community representatives and civil society.

The preparation of the diagrams containing the information collected in the field. Source: M. Allegretti Consultoria & Amapaz Projetos Sustentáveis.

Therefore, it is expected that through public hearings and debates, the urban problems will be discussed, aiming to build an important instrument for the municipalities, and that the cities take advantage of its relevance and walk towards sustainable development and quality for present and future generations.

Random pictures of the cities of Porto Grande and Ferreira Gomes. Source: M. Allegretti Consultoria & Amapaz Projetos Sustentáveis.

References:

PBA – Plano Básico Ambiental da Usina Hidrelétrica Ferreira Gomes, no Estado do Amapá. M. Allegretti Consultoria (2011)

http://www.pmsg.rj.gov.br/urbanismo/plano_diretor.php

http://www.correaneto.com.br/site/noticias/10212

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