1 May

The Jari project and their reflections on the Monte Dourado region.

The Amazon is a fascinating place, considered the rainforest with the richest biodiversity in the world, is gifted with vital resources to maintain the balance of the planet. Behind all this grandeur, it also guards many other treasures, some even unknown by the people. In this way, is that in 1967 the American businessman Daniel Keith Ludwig saw the installation of the company Jari Celulose, on the border between the states of Amapá and Pará, with the goal of developing an agribusiness hub in the region, at the end of accounts, only resulted in the production of cellulose and developing a thirst very structured, in the region of Monte Dourado.

Diagram Location

Source: The Green Club.

Aerial View of Monte Dourado.

Source: Heraldo Amoras (Available at: httpstatic.panoramio.comphotosoriginal15161617.jpg)

Daniel Ludwig was a true visionary, one of the first to see the Amazon as a power for the development of large projects. At the first, he acquired a large rural area in the region between the states of Amapá and Pará, following the course of the Jari river, with a total of 16,000 km² (about 10,000 mi²), equivalent to the state of Sergipe, or 10 cities of São Paulo. He was one of the largest landowners in the world at that time. For installation of the project, he built in Japan a pulp factory, using Finnish technology. The factory was made ​​two floating platforms, one for the production of cellulose and the other for energy production. While the factory was under construction in Japan, in the Amazon, the site for the intended deployment was being prepared, the foundation of the future factory was all done by piles, so that when the factory came, it was just sitting on the piles, since it would came finished. In 1978, after the construction of the factory, the two platforms were towed from Japan to the Amazon region, a distance of 25,000 kilometers (about 15,600 miles), which lasted 53 days, and this trip was well known at the time in the entire world.

Images of the transportation from the factory to the region of Monte Dourado.

Source: http://www.klepsidra.net/klepsidra25/rs-mt.htm

The foundation of the factory is all done by piles.

Source: André Alves Lima (Available at: http://www.klepsidra.net/klepsidra25/rs-mt.htm)

Many other actions were taken in order to provide the best installation of the factory, since the region was not having any form of infrastructure to house such a grandiose undertaking, and required the construction of ports, railways and 9,000 km (about 5,600 miles) of roads. In the location also was designed to implement of a reforestation project, beyond prospects of activities with mining, ranching and agriculture, but the factory acted only on the production of cellulose.

Among other measures that the deployment of the factory requested was the building of a town for the workers, named Beiradão. And the development of a headquarters in the town of Monte Dourado, located in the state of Pará, but with land adjoining of the project covering parts of the two states (Amapá and Pará). The area that was located the headquarters of the factory was fully benefit with the installation of it through houses for workers, school, medical clinic, gym and recreational areas that were part of the scenery of the community.

The project had everything to work, if was not for the numerous mistakes of planning of the technical staff, who ignored the poor soil of the Amazon and they did not thought about the migration that the deployment of the factory would bring to the region. The soil of the region only facilitated the planting of trees for cellulose production and the city of the workers, Beiradão, became a huge slum on stilts. In 1982, after excessive investment in the region, Ludwig was forced to divest itself of its ambitious idea and sold the Jari Celulose.

Current views of the Jari Celulose factory.

Source: http://www.orm.com.br/tvliberal/revistas/npara/edicao3/outros/jari.htm

In the year of 2000, the Jari Celulose passed to be controlled by the Grupo Orsa, and Monte Dourado had the advantages of the fate of selling the factory, since that Jari Celulose has not become only economically feasible, but also proved to be sustainable, receiving the certification in 2004 by the Forest Stewardship Council, a nonprofit that certifies the good management of forests.

The several balnearies existing in Monte Dourado.

Source: André Alves Lima (Available at: http://www.klepsidra.net/klepsidra25/rs-mt.htm)

Great resources, hectares to lost of sight, financial investment and then losses. The history of Jari Celulose deployed in the region of Monte Dourado, in the Brazilian Amazon, was one among many others that show attempts to profit through the implementation of megaprojects, but they had the prospects frustrated by the lack of adequate planning and, of course, by difficulties in work in the largest forest of the world.

Image of Monte Dourado.

Source: Jackson Willhy

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