6 Sep

MANAUS: LAND OF THE GODS AND THE METROPOLIS OF THE AMAZON FOREST

the green club

Drawing made by Jacy Correa Neto

Manaus is the largest urban center in the northern region. Touristic attractions, points around the world owner and keeper of a rich history, woven on the banks of rivers and hillsides, vegetal wires entangled by its dense rainforest, contrasted with the various customs and industrialization.the green club

The city of Manaus is the capital of the largest state in Brazil, the Amazonas. His occupation and colonization have taken place with the arrival of Portuguese. The discovery of this territory began when a Lusitanian explorer named Francisco Orellana discovered the Rio Negro in June 1542 and this event provided the town that began between 1580 and 1640 during the joining of Portuguese and Spanish kingdoms.

In the years 1637 to 1639 the Amazon region set by the dominance of the Portuguese Crown by an expedition led by explorer Pedro Teixeira. The settlement of the territory was delayed, the causes were combined with the geographic isolation, caused by dense forest, in addition to the lack of short-term existence of mineral resources like gold and silver, affected the Portuguese commercial interests.

However, the presence of natives in the area attracted the greed Portuguese, expeditions were aiming to capture and incorporate them into the slave trade. Gradually the corner was cleared Amazon, the Amazon showed the world to awaken the greed of settlers. As a result in 1669 was created a Lusitanian fort called Forte São José da Barra, whose purpose was to help fight off invading kingdoms, exploring the territory of the Manaus and establish the Portuguese control. Around the fort came into existence the village of Barra do Rio Negro which later gave rise to the city of Manaus.

The region had several Amazonian native tribes, including the manaós and barés. This factor was responsible for the used name to the capital, which has origins linked to Manaós native tribes, because that was native to this region and the indigenous term “Manaós” means “land of the gods.”

The City of the Gods was the scene of major events as it relates to the socioeconomic history of the Amazon, among these facts highlight the Rubber Cycle. The extraction of natural latex obtained by bleeding of the rubber trees allowed the economic summits of Manaus.the green club

The impacts from the extraction of rubber have a positive reflect on the economy of Manaus city, which allowed the installation services and urban public transportation such as trams, telephone services, sanitation and electricity were deployed. The development was so remarkable that the city installed a floating port capable of receiving huge ships from other countries, especially those belonging to Europe.

The raw material produced in the forests was increasingly sought by industries worldwide, resulting in enhanced migration process into place. The migrants came from countries like England, France, Greece, Italy, Spain, Portugal; they brought with them a range of ideals, aspirations, typical of the European universe. There were also those who came from northeastern Brazil that made up the manpower used extensively in rubber tapping.

The city had adhered to the culture of the Belle Époque. Straight streets adept at orthogonal urbanism elongated sidewalks made with imported granite and stones spread to the urban layout, squares and lush gardens conveyed the air of a European metropolis in the Amazon. Luxury hotels, mansions, fountains, monuments and the magnificent Teatro Amazonas were also built according to strict European.

The euphoria generated by the “green gold” of trees removed in 1910 was significantly impacted by the production of rubber in Asia. Most international buyers of the Brazilian latex joined the Asian market and the commercial hegemony of Manaus was dying, the economy of a city Amazon declined substantially.

In the 1960s the city of Manaus was reborn their economic, trade no longer with latex, but with the establishment of the Zona Franca de Manaus (Manaus Free Trade Zone). Again, the forest city takes its place in national and global economy, becoming evidence among the richest capitals of Brazil. Again, the capital of Amazonas becomes the stage of migration, which resulted in an increase in population, which subsequently succeeded in an accelerated growth of the city.the green club

The tropical climate characterized by Manaus is hot and humid, but does not become an obstacle so formidable for the tourists. The tourist attractions found in the city comprise the most diverse. Manaus has extensive parks and forests that are home to thousands flora and fauna, beautiful hotels, historical buildings and monuments that expose the architectural history of the place. The situation of Manaus is near the confluence of rivers Negro and Solimões that are part of the world’s largest river, the Amazon, the demand for ecotourism is extensive; tourists can enjoy the nature of vessels traveling in small, medium and even large as in the case of the Atlantic.

The city limited the forest reserves in the unforgettable beauty and an unparalleled cultural heritage. A city enriched by its mysteries and legends that show the vastness and diversity of the Amazon, it was that long ago in the minds and actions of human beings, never stops or sleeps, as it streamlines a metamorphosis.

the green club

REFERENCES

COSTA, Graciete. Manaus: Moderna ou Contemporânea?

SERÁFICO, José; SERÁFICO, Marcelo. A Zona Franca de Manaus e o capitalismo no Brasil.

Comments

jesse wright 10/11/2012 - 05h 23

:-) really helped thanks

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